credit: Orin Zebest via Flickr

VPIS is actively engaged in research to extend our knowledge, monitor trends in established and emerging toxicological issues, and raise awareness. The feedback from veterinary practitioners on real cases helps build our case database with details of the clinical course, effectiveness of treatment and outcome. All this information enables us to refine our advice and treatment recommendations and therefore achieve better outcomes for animals. We regularly publish articles for veterinary journals on a variety of toxicological subjects and aim to stay up-to-date on all areas of veterinary and human toxicology. We also peer-review toxicology articles submitted to veterinary journals.

Our annual reports

2016 – Annual Report 
2015 – Annual Report
2014Annual Report
2013Annual Report
2012Annual Report
2011Annual Report
2010Annual Report

VPIS articles/papers

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Veterinary Record
  • Tempowski J. 1989 Ibuprofen toxicity. Veterinary Record 125:523
  • Campbell A. 1997 Calcipotriol poisoning in dogs. Veterinary Record 141 (1):27-28
  • Martin A, Campbell A. 2000 Permethrin toxicity in cats. Veterinary Record 147(22):6
  • Campbell A. 2000 Adder bites in dogs and cats. Veterinary Record 146 (24):771
  • Campbell A, Bates N. 2003 Raisin poisoning in dogs. Veterinary Record 152 (12):376
  • Sutton N, Bates N, Campbell A. 2007 Seasonal rise in permethrin ‘spot-on’ poisoning cats [short communication]. Veterinary Record 161(7):244
  • Bates N. 2007 Serotonin toxicity in dogs. Veterinary Record 160(9):311-312
  • Campbell A, Bates N. 2008 Xylitol toxicity in dogs [letter]. Veterinary Record 162 (8):254
  • Campbell A. 2008 Metaldehyde poisoning of dogs [letter]. Veterinary Record 163 (11):343
  • Sutton NM, Bates N, Campbell A. 2009 Apparent adverse reactions to neem (margosa) oil in cats. Veterinary Record 164:592-593
  • Sutton NM, Bates N, Campbell A. 2009 Factors influencing outcome of Vitis vinifera (grapes, raisins, currants and sultanas) intoxication in dogs. Veterinary Record 164:430-431
  • Bates N. 2009 Pot pourri ingestion in dogs. Veterinary Record 165(9):271
  • Campbell A, Bates N. 2010 Xylitol toxicity in dogs. Veterinary Record 167(3): 108 (Correction regarding treatment dose published in Veterinary Record 167(5):184)
  • Sutton NM, Bates N, Campbell A. 2011 Canine adder bites in the UK: a retrospective study of cases reported to the Veterinary Poisons Information Service. Veterinary Record 169:607
  • De Pennington N, Colles C, Dauncey E. 2011 Australian stringhalt in the UK. Veterinary Record 169:476
  • Bates NS, Sutton NM, Campbell A. 2012 Suspected metaldehyde slug bait poisoning in dogs: a retrospective analysis of cases reported to the Veterinary Poisons Information Service. Veterinary Record 171(13):324.
  • Bates NS, Warrell DA. 2013 Treatment of adder bites in dogs.Veterinary Record 172:23-24.
  • Bates N, Chatterton J, Robbins C, Wells K, Hughes J, Stone M, Campbell A. 2013 Lipid infusion in the management of poisoning: a report of 6 canine cases. Veterinary Record 172(13):339.
  • Bates N, Edwards N. 2014 Availability of adder antivenom [letter]. Veterinary Record 175:639.
  • Bates N, Edwards N, Dentinger BT, Ainsworth AM. 2014 Fungal ingestion in companion animals. Vet Rec 175:179-180.
  • Bates N, Edwards N. 2015 Benzalkonium chloride exposure in cats: a retrospective analysis of 245 cases reported to the Veterinary Poisons Information Service (VPIS) Vet Rec 176:229.
  • Bates N. 2016 Palm oil ingestion in dogs. Vet Rec 178:101.
  • Sparkes A, Bessant C, Bates N. 2016 Permethrin risk to cats. Vet Rec 178(19):480.
  • Bates N, Sharman M, Lam, A, Kent A, Walker D, Smith V, Carmichael N. 2016 Reporting cases of Fanconi syndrome in dogs in the UK. Vet Rec 178:510.
  • Bates N, Edwards N. 2016 Monensin toxicity in dogs. Vet Rec 178:638-639.
  • Bates N, Edwards N. 2016 Lipid infusion in the management of poisoning. Vet Rec 179:22.
  • Bates N, Blackett T, Edwards N. 2016 Battery ingestion in dogs. Vet Rec 179:335
  • MacCallum R, Bates N, Edwards N. 2017 Raspberry ketone ingestion in dogs. Vet Rec 180:23-24.
In Practice
  • Campbell A. 1998 Poisoning in small animals from commonly ingested plants. In Practice 20 (10):587-591.
  • Campbell A. 1999 Common causes of poisoning in small animals. In Practice 21 (5):244-249.
Pet Focus
  • Ellison J. 2015 Full of the joys of spring. Pet Focus. Spring pp18-19.
  • Ellison J. 2016 Your spring survival guide. Pet Focus Spring pp12-13.
  • Ellison J. 2016 Perils of the picnic. Pet Focus Summer pp12-13.
  • Ellison J. 2016 Household hazards part one: The ground floor. Pet Focus Autumn pp12-13.
  • Ellison J. 2016 Household hazards part two: The hazards that lurk …upstairs. Pet Focus Winter pp12-13.
  • Ellison J. 2017 Outdoor dangers. The garden, the garage and the Easter egg hunt. Pet Focus Spring pp12-13.
  • Ellison J. 2017 A taste of your own medicine. Eight human medicines that could harm your pet. Pet Focus Summer pp22-23.
Service Dog
  • Campbell A. 1998 Accidental “drug abuse” by sniffer dogs. Service Dog 21:22-23
  • Campbell A. 1999 Explosive ingestion by sniffer dogs. Service Dog 22:20
The Pedigree Dog Breeder
  • Campbell A. 2000 Chocolate Poisoning in Dogs. The Pedigree Dog Breeder 2 (6):7-8.
  • Campbell A. 2000 Summer poisonings. The Pedigree Dog Breeder 2 (3):2-3.
Feline Advisory Bureau Journal
  • Campbell A. 2000 Poison! Hazards at Home. Feline Advisory Bureau Journal 38 (3):73.
  • Campbell A. 2000 Poison! Anti-parasitic Drugs. Feline Advisory Bureau Journal 38 (4):125.
  • Campbell A. 2000 Drug Poisoning in Cats. Feline Advisory Bureau Journal 38 (2):43.
Cats Protection Veterinary Newsletter
  • Campbell A. 2003 Drug poisoning in cats. Cats Protection Veterinary Newsletter 11:4
Clinical Toxicology
  • Sutton NM, Campbell A. 2006 Grape poisoning in dogs – A case series from the veterinary poisons information service, London [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 44(4):526-527.
  • Sturgeon K, Campbell A. 2006 Lilium species poisoning in cats [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 44(4):521-522.
  • Campbell A. 2006. Should poisons centres provide veterinary advice? [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 44(4):427-428.
  • Sutton N, Campbell A. 2008 User perception of the Veterinary Poisons Information Service [abstract].Clinical Toxicology 46 (5):385-386.
  • Sutton N, Campbell A. 2008 The effect of publicity on the frequency of feline permethrin exposures reported to the Veterinary Poisons Information Service, London [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 46 (5):385.
  • Sutton NM, Campbell A. 2008 How veterinary practices made use of the Veterinary Poisons Information Service (London) in 2006 [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 46 (5):385.
  • Sturgeon K, Sutton N. 2008 Theobromine toxicity in dogs – is it exaggerated? [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 46 (5):384.
  • Sturgeon K, Campbell A. 2008 Plastic explosive poisoning in dogs [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 46 (5):384.
  • Sturgeon K, Campbell A. 2008 Dopey dogs – a review of cannabis exposures in canines [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 46 (5):384.
  • Sturgeon K, Campbell A. 2008 A comparison of Allium species poisoning in cats and dogs [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 46 (5):385.
  • Monaghan J, Sutton N. 2008 Patterns of Ibuprofen and Paracetamol ingestion in Cats and Dogs [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 46 (5):385.
  • Campbell A. 2008 Vipera berus (adder) bites in animals – does antivenom availability affect case outcome? [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 46 (5):384-385.
  • Campbell A. 2008 Improving telephone advice for poisonings in veterinary practice –the impact of species and breed differences [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 46 (5):357-358.
  • Bates N, Campbell A. 2008 Hydroxycarbamide (hydroxyurea) overdose cause methaemoglobinaemia in dogs [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 46 (5):385.
  • Bates N, Campbell A. 2008 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) ingestion and serotonin toxicity in dogs [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 46 (5):386.
  • Sutton NM, Campbell A. 2009. Suspected canine exposure to tremorgenic mycotoxins from spoilt foods and compost [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 47 (5):480.
  • Sturgeon K, Sutton NM. 2009. Toad exposure in companion animals [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 47 (5):479.
  • Hawkins LC, Sutton NM 2009. Incidence of methaemoglobinaemia in canine and feline paracetamol (acetaminophen) poisoning and the development of hepatotoxicity [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 47 (5):479.
  • Sutton NM, Campbell A. 2010 Clinical effects reported in apparent peanut poisoning in dogs – a real mixed bag [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 48 (3):297.
  • Sturgeon K, Campbell A. 2010 Ethylene glycol toxicity in companion animals [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 48 (3):315.
  • Bates N, Edwards N. 2013 Glyphosate toxicity in animals [letter]. Clinical Toxicology 51(10):1243.
  • Bates N, Edwards N. 2015 Toxic deaths in cats and dogs reported to the Veterinary Poisons Information Service (VPIS) [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 53(4):273.
  • De Sousa AA, Matumo S, Edwards N. 2015 Liquid detergent capsule exposure in cats and dogs [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 53(4):273-4.
  • Rawson-Harris P, Bates N, Edwards N. 2015 Lipid infusion: An analysis of cases reported to the Veterinary Poisons Information Service (VPIS) [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 53(4):274-5.
  • Bates N, Ellison J, Edwards N. 2015 Palm oil ingestion in dogs [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 53(4):275.
  • Bates N, Rawson-Harris P, Edwards N. 2015 Canine exposure to jellyfish [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 53(4):275.
  • Rawson-Harris P, Bates N, Edwards N 2015 Diclofenac ingestion in dogs: What are the risk factors associated with clinical signs? [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 53(4):275-6.
  • Bates N, Crouchley J, Edwards N. 2015 Electronic cigarette ingestion in dogs [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 53(4):276.
  • Bates N, Edwards N. 2015 Nitroxynil causes severe hyperthermia in dogs [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 53(4):276-7.
  • Bates N, Edwards N. 2015 Adder antivenom: The experience and opinions of veterinary professionals in the UK [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 53(4):277.
  • Bates N, Edwards N. 2016 Oven cleaner exposure in pets [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 54(4):513-514.
  • Kazemi-Egbunike L, Bates N 2016 Sodium hypochlorite bleach exposure in dogs [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 54(4):514.
  • Blackett T, Bates N. 2016 A retrospective study of household battery exposure in 271 dogs [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 54(4):514.
  • Edwards N, Bates N. 2016 Can fastidiousness kill the cat? Detergent exposure in cats: a common cause of respiratory effects [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 54(4):515-516.
  • Crouchley J, Bates N. 2016 Salbutamol exposure in dogs [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 54(4):517.
  • Rawson-Harris P, Bates N. 2016 Venlafaxine overdose in dogs: what are the risk factors associated with clinical signs? [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 54(4):517-518.
  • Ludden K, Rawson-Harris P, Chang Y-M, Garden O, Bates N, Edwards N. 2016 Ethylene glycol poisoning in cats: what are the prognostic indicators? [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 54(4):518.
  • Matumo S, Bates N. 2016 Oral exposure to fentanyl transdermal patches in dogs [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 54(4):518.
  • Gleed A, Jordan M, Bates N, Alexander-Sefre A, Edwards N. 2017 Fatal mushroom poisoning in a dog [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 55(5):41-42.
  • Kazemi-Egbunike L, Bates N. 2017 Gabapentin ingestion in dogs and cats [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 55(5):42.
  • Bates N, Edwards N, Tizzard Z. 2017 Lamotrigine is cardiotoxic to dogs [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 55(5):42-43.
  • Blackett T, Bates N. 2017 Metaldehyde ingestion in 18 domestic equines [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 55(5):43.
  • Matumo S, Bates N. 2017 Neonicotinoid insecticide exposure in cats and dogs [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 55(5):43.
  • Allen N, Bates N. 2017 Phenoxyacetic acid derivative herbicide exposure in 101 dogs [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 55(5):43-44.
  • Robinson N, Bates N. 2017 Pregabalin ingestion in dogs and cats [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 55(5):44.
  • Van-de-Velde M, Bates N, Edwards N. 2017 Suspected synthetic cannabinoid ingestion in dogs: a case series [abstract]. Clinical Toxicology 55(5):44-45.
Veterinary Times
  • Campbell A. 2006 Plant poisonings in autumn. Vet Times 36(41):23.
  • Bates N, Edwards N. 2015 Use of intravenous lipid emulsion in poison cases. Vet Times 45(23):19-20.
  • Bates N, Sharman M, Lam, A, Kent A, Walker D, Smith V, Carmichael N. 2016 Registry to collect cases of jerky-related illness. Vet Times 46(21):38.
  • Bates N, Edwards N. 2016 Ensure antivenom access in adder areas. Vet Times 46(29):31.
  • Robinson N. 2017 Negative approach to treating battery ingestion [letter]. Vet Times 47(20):23.
Society of Practising Veterinary Surgeons Review
  • Campbell A. 2006 A survey of poisoning cases reported to the Veterinary Poisons Information Service. Society of Practising Veterinary Surgeons Review, pp102-103.
Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
  • Sutton NM, Bates, N, Campbell A. 2007 Clinical effects and outcome of feline permethrin spot-on poisonings reported to the Veterinary Poisons Information Service (VPIS), London. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery 9(4):335-339.
Companion Animal
  • Campbell A. 2002 The management of Anticoagulant rodenticide poisonings in companion animals. UK Vet 7 (3):23-25.
  • Campbell A. 2003 Potential poisonings from over-the-counter medications and other medications intended for human use. UK Vet 8 (3):93-95.
  • Campbell A. 2003 Household poisons. UK Vet 8 (6):80-83.
  • Campbell A. 2006 Ethylene glycol intoxications in household pets. UK Vet 11(8):96-98.
  • Campbell A. 2007 Lily poisoning in cats. UK Vet Companion Animal 12 (4):91-92.
  • Campbell A. 2007 Grapes, raisins and sultanas, and other foods toxic to dogs. UK Vet Companion Animal 12(1):77-79.
  • Campbell A. 2008 Common poisonings from venomous creatures. UK Vet Companion Animal 13 (5):63-67.
  • Campbell A. 2008 Conkers, Acorns and Beechnuts – potential autumnal poisons in pets. UK Vet Companion Animal 13 (9):86-89.
  • Edwards N. 2014 Lipid therapy in poisoning treatment [editorial]. Companion Animal 19(8):393.
  • Bates N, Edwards N. 2014 Emetics in the management of poisoning. Companion Animal 19(8):433-436.
  • Bates N. 2015 General approach to the poisoned patient. Companion Animal 20(8):465-469.
  • Bates N. 2015 Chocolate toxicity. Companion Animal 20(10):579-581.
  • Bates N. 2015 Grape toxicosis in companion animals. Companion Animal 20(12):668-673.
  • Bates N. 2016 Ethylene glycol poisoning. Companion Animal 21(2):95-99.
  • Bates N. 2016 Lily poisoning. Companion Animal 21(4):238-241.
  • Bates N. 2016 Ibuprofen toxicosis. Companion Animal 21(6):346-350.
  • Bates N. 2016 Anticoagulant rodenticide toxicosis. Companion Animal 21(8):466-471.
  • Bates N. 2016 Paracetamol poisoning. Companion Animal 21(10):576-580.
  • Bates N. 2016 Risks from exposure to petroleum distillates in pets. Companion Animal 21(12):706-711.
  • Bates N. 2017 Risks from detergent exposure. Companion Animal 22(2):93-97.
Journal of Small Animal Practice
  • Bates N. 2008 Hydroxycarbamide (hydroxyurea) overdose in dogs [letter]. Journal of Small Animal Practice 49(4):216.
  • Bates N, Rawson-Harris P, Edwards N. 2015 Common questions in veterinary toxicology. Journal of Small Animal Practice 56(5):298-306.
Control & Therapy Series
  • Campbell A, Sutton NM. 2009. Comments on C&T No.4990 Re permethrin toxicity [letter]. Control & Therapy Series 255:36.
  • Sutton N, Bates N. 2010 Comment and reply. Oak poisoning in a horse [letter]. Control & Therapy Series 258:7.
Veterinary Nurse
  • Bates N. 2011 Adder bites in dogs. Veterinary Nurse 2(5): 242-246.
  • Bates N. 2012 Exposure to cut flowers and spring flowering plants in cats and dogs in the UK. Veterinary Nurse 3(1):36-41.
  • Bates N. 2014 Decontamination of cats and dogs with suspected poisoning. Veterinary Nurse 5(3):130-137.
  • Bates N. 2015 Effects of exposure to human medicines in cats and dogs. Veterinary Nurse 6(8):482-487.
  • Bates N. 2016 Lipid infusion in the management of poisoning: an introduction. Veterinary Nurse 7(6):346-350.
  • Bates N. 2016 Mushroom poisoning. Veterinary Nurse 7(8):470-477.
  • Bates N. 2017 Accessing poisons information. Veterinary Nurse 8(3):184.
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
  • Bates N, Edwards N, Opdal-Seljetun K, Ruus-Lorentzen H. 2014 Vipera berus berus envenomation in dogs [letter]. J Vet Emerg Crit Care 24(2):133.
Veterinary Practice Today
  • Ellison J. 2013 Hidden dangers of ethylene glycol. Vet Pract Today 1(1):15.(PDF available)
  • Ellison J. 2014 All the joys of spring. Veterinary Practice Today 2(1):15.
  • Ellison J. 2014 Bees and barbecues: the hazards of summer. Veterinary Practice Today 2(2):18.
  • Ellison J. 2014 Season of more than mists and mellow fruitfulness. Veterinary Practice Today 2(3):31-32.
  • Ellison J. 2015 Anticoagulant rodenticides. Veterinary Practice Today 3(2):30-31.
  • Ellison J. 2015 Intravenous lipid infusion. Vet Pract Today 3(2):33-35.
  • Ellison J. 2015 Paracetamol toxicity in cats. Vet Pract Today 3(4):23-25.
  • Ellison J. 2015 Dangers of detergents. Vet Pract Today 3(5):22-24.
  • Ellison J. 2015 Electronic cigarettes, nicotine and nicotine patches. Vet Pract Today 3(6):21-22.
  • Ellison J. 2016 Possible poisonings of unknown origin – an approach. Vet Pract Today 4(1):22-24.
  • Ellison J. 2016 Dangers of dietary supplements. Vet Pract Today 4(3):24-26.
  • Ellison J. 2016 Household hazards – the garage and garden shed. Vet Pract Today 4(4):21-23
  • Ellison J. 2016 Anti-diabetic drugs in dogs and cats. Vet Pract Today 4(2):26-29.
  • Ellison J. 2016 Household hazards – the ground floor. Vet Pract Today 4(5):31-33.
  • Ellison J. 2016 Household hazards – bath, bed and beyond. Vet Pract Today 4(6):31-33.
  • Ellison J. 2017 Nature raw in tooth and claw – when animals eat other animals. Vet Pract Today 5(1):24-26.
  • Ellison J. 2017 Dark, milk and white – when enough is too much. Vet Pract Today 5(2):18-20.
  • Ellison J. 2017 The current pattern of small animal poisoning. Vet Pract Today 5(3):32-34.
Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association (JAVMA)
  • Bates N, Edwards N. 2014 Exposure of dogs to single-dose detergent packs [letter]. JAVMA 245(1):40-41.
Centre for Veterinary Education (The University of Sydney) – Control and Therapy Series
  • Sutton N. 2011 Canine poisoning from fruits of the Vitis vinifera (grapes, raisins, currants and sultanas) – What do we know so far? Control & Therapy Series 263:38-39.
Feline Focus
  • Bates N. 2015 Benzalkonium chloride exposure in cats. Feline Focus 1 (7):261-265.
  • Bates N. 2015 Lily toxicity in cats. Feline Focus 1(9):329-333.
  • Bates N. 2015 Ethylene glycol poisoning. Feline Focus 1(11):401-407.
  • Bates N. 2016 Paracetamol (acetaminophen) poisoning in cats. Feline Focus 2(2):27-33.
  • Bates N. 2016 Detergent exposure: decontamination is key. Feline Focus 2(6):181-185.
  • Bates N. 2016 Risks from exposure to weedkillers. Feline Focus 2(11):313-318.
  • Bates N. 2017 Risks from ingestion of human foods. Feline Focus 3(1):27-33.
  • Bates N. 2017 Risks from exposure to home decorating products. Feline Focus 3(2):57-63.
13th International Congress of the European Association of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
  • Edwards JN, Bates N. 2015 New trends in poisoning treatment – lipidotherapy [abstract]. 13th International Congress of the European Association of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, Nantes, France, 19-22 July.
Livestock
  • Bates N. 2016 Acute plant poisoning in goats. Livestock 21(5):300-306.
  • Bates N. 2017 Acute poisoning in horses: part 1. Livestock 22(2):105-109.
  • Bates N, Payne J. 2017 Risk assessment and risk management of poisoning in farm animals. Livestock 22(3):146-149.
  • Bates N. 2017 Acute poisoning in horses: part 2. Livestock 22(3):164-169.